black and tan jack russel

Black and Tan Jack Russell: All You Need to Know

If you’re interested in getting a dog, then you might have heard about the black and tan Jack Russell. This dog breed is rapidly gaining popularity, but not everyone knows about them yet. That’s why we’ve prepared this guide to tell you everything you need to know about this breed, from their history to their temperament and health.

History of the Black and Tan Jack Russell

The Jack Russell terrier was first bred in England in the late 1800s by Reverend John Russell. The breed was bred to hunt small animals like foxes, rabbits, and rodents. Over time, the Jack Russell was split into different types, including the black and tan variety.

Black and tan Jack Russells are not an official breed. They are a color variant of the Jack Russell terrier, and their coloration is determined by genetics. The black and tan color pattern is caused by a recessive gene that causes a black coat with tan markings.

Temperament of the Black and Tan Jack Russell

Black and tan Jack Russells have a lively and friendly personality. They love to play and are very active, making them great for families with children or other pets. They are also very intelligent and stubborn, so they need to be trained from a young age.

The Jack Russell terrier is also known for being a very vocal breed. They are quick to bark at anything that they find interesting or exciting.

Health of the Black and Tan Jack Russell

Like all dog breeds, black and tan Jack Russells are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues that this breed faces include:

1. Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease – this is a degenerative disease that affects the hip joint, causing pain and discomfort.

2. Patellar Luxation – this is a condition where the kneecap moves out of place, causing lameness and limping.

3. Deafness – black and tan Jack Russells are prone to deafness, especially in one or both ears.

4. Eye Problems – some black and tan Jack Russells are prone to eye problems, such as cataracts and glaucoma.

It is important to take your black and tan Jack Russell for regular check-ups with a veterinarian to prevent and treat any health issues.


Q: Do black and tan Jack Russells shed a lot?
A: Yes, this breed sheds quite a bit. Regular brushing can help reduce shedding.

Q: Do black and tan Jack Russells need a lot of exercise?
A: Yes, they are an active breed and need a lot of exercise to stay healthy and happy.

Q: Are black and tan Jack Russells good with children?
A: Yes, they are a great breed for families with children. However, they should always be supervised when playing with children.

Q: Can black and tan Jack Russells live in small apartments?
A: Yes, they can adapt to living in small apartments, as long as they get enough exercise.

Q: Are black and tan Jack Russells easy to train?
A: No, they can be stubborn and independent, which can make training challenging. It is important to start training from a young age and be consistent and patient.


A black and tan Jack Russell is a lively and friendly breed that makes a great family pet. Like all dog breeds, they have their own set of health issues and require proper training and exercise to stay happy and healthy. If you’re considering getting a black and tan Jack Russell, make sure to do your research and find a reputable breeder.